CoHousing History -- more than just hippy communes.

For most of history humans have lived in small rural communities of a few families. People in tose communities worked and played together and depended on each other for their survival. The advent of the Industrial Revolution brought people into towns and cities to work at jobs in the factories. Soon, neighbors had less in common and each household became independent of others nearby.

In the post World War II United States the explosion of suburbia, the automobile, technology and the conveniences of modern living drove stronger wedges between neighbors. Families spread all over the country. Eventually, we came to the point where our "friends and neighbors" seem to be spread out over a whole city or even the world. This separation has only partially been corrected by modern communications and travel.

In Europe, mostly Denmark, in the 1960-70's, something new appeared. Groups of people decided they wanted to live together in intentional communities. They worked together to design and build housing projects which were designed to be communities, not just rows of houses. As more and more such projects were built, a common knowledge of how to build and how to live in modern community developed.

Two young American archaeological students -- Kathryn McCamant and Charles Durrett -- who were studying in Denmark studied cohousing and brought the idea back to the United States. Together they wrote the book Creating Cohousing.

See also: Wikipedia Cohousing Association